This work was attributed to Lucas van Leyden until 1989 when Colin Eisler associated it to an anonymous painter of his circle. This change in attribution is largely due to the presence of the date and the calligraphy of the letter “h” visible at the lower left corner. Saint Paul, who heard the voice of God on a journey from Jerusalem to Damascus and consequently converted to Christianity, is depicted with his habitual attributes of a book, referring to the word of God that this Apostle spread, and the sword with which he was decapitated. Due to the long, narrow shape of the panel it has been suggested that it might have been part of an altarpiece together with a painting of Saint Peter. The present figure is similar to a Saint Philip in a print by Hans Baldung Grien. Both are depicted alone, in similar poses and bearing their attributes, suggesting that this anonymous artist might have used the print as the basis for his composition.