Jan Wellens de Cock was a Flemish painter working in the 16th century. He was associated with the Antwerp Mannerists along with artists such as Jan de Beer. In the present panel Cock depicts Saint Anthony during his retreat to the desert where he was tempted by the Devil. The saint is shown kneeling in an attitude of prayer and wearing a monk’s habit. On his right is a group of naked women who stand out for their luminous pallor and who represent carnal temptation. They display themselves to the saint, covered only by a thin veil that reveals their bodies. While the scene alludes to Saint Anthony’s chastity, it is certainly not devoid of erotic connotations. The landscape in which the episode is set evokes a fantastical universe with imaginary animals that lie in wait for the saint and which recall the work of Hieronymous Bosch.