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Eighth room

If any contemporary art movement attached special importance to the treatment of the shadow this was surrealism, particularly in its representation of dreams. With a meticulous technique and wholesale use of shadows, artists like Salvador Dalí, Yves Tanguy, René Magritte, Paul Delvaux and Esteban Francés endowed the representation of dreams with even greater credibility than the reality we see through our own eyes. Moreover, within the so-called ‘paranoiac-critical’ method, Dalí used shadows as an aid to recomposing contradictory images. Finally, the room also features examples of Max Ernst’s and Joseph Cornell’s always intriguing work.
Metamorphosis of Narcissus

Max Ernst (1891-1976)
Dancer under the Sky, 1922
Óleo sobre papel montado sobre cartón, 19 x 28 cm
Private collection
Dancer under the Sky

Salvador Dalí (1904-1989)
Metamorphosis of Narcissus, 1937
Oil on canvas, 51.1 x 78.1 cm
Tate. Purchased 1979
The Memoirs of a Saint

Paul Delvaux (1897-1994)
The Call, 1944
Oil on canvas, 155 x 150 cm
Fondos de la Colección de Arte de Telefónica
The Call

René Magritte (1898-1967)
The Memoirs of a Saint, 1960
Oil on canvas, 80 x 100 cm
The Menil Collection, Houston