Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza - Inicio

Versión española

Buy tickets

Masterworks from Budapest. From the Renaissance to the Avant-Garde

From 18 February to 28 May 2017

Lucas Cranach, the Elder
Salome with the Head of Saint John the Baptist, ca. 1526-1530
Oil on panel. 88.4 x 58.3 cm
Budapest, Museum of Fine Arts

Biography and Works

Petrus Christus
Baerle-Duc, ca. 1410-Bruges, 1475-76


Christus was a Flemish artist born in the city of Baerle-Duc, now Baarle- Hertog, while most of his activity can be associated with Bruges. It is not known where Christus trained or the name of his master or masters. The first reference to the artist dates from 1444 when he acquired citizenship in Bruges. His activities are, however, well documented between 1457 and 1463. Christus and his wife are recorded as members of the confraternity of Our Lady of the Dry Tree between 1458 and 1463. Between 1446 and 1454 the artist received a series of important commissions from the city’s aristocracy and upper middle classes. His output includes a group of works signed and dated between 1446 and 1457, such as Saint Eloy and Portrait of a Carthusian Monk (both The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), the panels now in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Portrait of Edward Grymeston (Gorhambury House, Hertfordshire, on deposit with the National Gallery, London), and The Virgin and Child with Saint Francis and Saint Jerome (Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt). Other works that have been attributed to Christus include The Virgin of the Dry Tree (Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid), The Pietà (Musée des Beaux-Arts, Brussels) and The Virgin and Child in a Gothic Interior (Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City). Between 1462 and 1463 he was commissioned by the city council of Bruges, together with the painter Pieter Nachtegale, to supervise the creation of two large decorations for the triumphal entry of Philip the Good into Bruges. In the 1460s the artist’s name appears in a series of documents of the painters’ guild and other corporations. Christus’ style reflects the work of Jan van Eyck, from whom he borrowed models and compositions while simplifying the overall presentation. Christus’ art also reflects the style of Rogier van der Weyden in the harmony and arrangement of the motifs.

Go to the shop

Recommended artists

Recommended works

© 2009 Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

Paseo del Prado 8, 28014 Madrid, España

We use our own cookies and those of third-parties to analyze the use of our website and display personalized advertising. If you continue browsing, we will consider that you consented to its use. For more information see our Cookie Policy.