Surrealism and the Dream
8 October 2013 to 12 January 2014
<exchanging gazes> 7: The Rhythm of the Earth. 17th century Dutch and 19thcentury American Landscape Painting
New Display of the Collections
From 24 September 2013 to 6 January 2014
After freeing himself from the earlier influence of William Coldstream and Francis Bacon, Michael Andrews changed his approach to painting, seeking a vital truth. Lights V: The Pier Pavilion, painted in 1973, is a good example of this transformation. It belongs to the series of Lights, a group of seven large canvases on which he worked for more than five years and which embody his spiritual yearnings through the Zen notion of liberation. The title Lights is a reference to Rimbaud’s Illuminations and, as the artist himself would reveal, was “to do with getting rid of the ideas we have of ourselves. Of what we call the ego.” Before starting on this series, he amassed a motley collection of magazine and newspaper cuttings that grabbed his attention, made notes, and produced collages until it became clear to him what he wanted to paint: the action of flying and the experience of evolving. The artist explained the series in his notes: “Lights is first and foremost about enlightenment; mystical knowledge. And especially receiving or experiencing mystical knowledge: the ecstatic experience.”
The series follows a sequence in which each scene arises as a consequence of the previous one. In a suite of empty landscapes, modern cities and pleasant seaside spas, Andrews paints the solitary progression of a balloon as a symbol of the soul’s voyage in search of liberation until coming to the calm waters of a beach, the chosen landing spot. All these images, infused with poetic and psychological connotations, invite the viewer to reflect on man’s precariousness and his evolution in modern times.
Lights I: Out-of-Doors begins with the pleasant, cheerful experience of a balloon flying over the English countryside; it is the point of departure for attempting to overcome and flee from egotism. In Lights II: The Ship Engulfed, the balloon represents the ego swallowed up by urban life. In Lights III: The Black Balloon, this feeling turns into a somewhat gloomier experience, in which the heavy balloon, painted lead black with a weary appearance, symbolises the effort that achieving enlightenment entails. The central part of the series consists of three works set on the southern coast of England: Lights IV: The Pier and the Road; Lights V: The Pier Pavilion and Lights VI: The Spa. The pleasure pavilions depicted in them symbolise the place where man, liberated from his own ego, can establish relations with others. Self-obsession is beginning to be overcome, and therefore the balloon has disappeared from these large paintings and is only symbolically present outside the composition. The series ends with the most thought-provoking of the images in which the balloon-ego is depicted as a shadow hovering over a beach on which it may be about to land. This last painting is an act of resignation and signifies, to a certain extent, a return to the initial position, following the artist’s realization that the pursuit of enlightenment is a futile effort; enlightenment cannot be found — it appears without warning.
Lights V: The Pier Pavilion in the Thyssen-Bornemisza collection is based on a photograph of the Britannia pier in Yarmouth published in the Eastern Evening News on 20 July 1967. Andrews used a grid to transfer the cutting he had kept to canvas, adapting it to the large size. To enhance the metaphorical aspect, the painter gave the picture surface a misty sfumato appearance and decided to spray the waterbased acrylic paint onto the unprimed canvas with a spray gun, thereby accentuating the sensation of a mirage, and to heighten the effect of distancing which he wished to convey. As William Feaver aptly concluded in his study of the Lights series, “painting, Andrews learnt, was the answer.”Andrews confessed in this connection, “I realised that enlightenment, this sudden, beautiful, selfless, consciousness, happened within my own discipline. Each time, in the process of painting a picture, enlightenment happened, over and over again.” For Andrews, painting was no doubt a manner of taking a stand and of representing lost illusions.