With the title Naturalism and Modern Life, the Museum offered a reflection on the artistic, social and cultural reality that surrounded the protagonists of Sargent / Sorolla exhibition. This symposium explored the span of modern pictorial naturalism through the comparision of some specific aspects. These might deal either with some specific artists, or with some features of its reception, such as the critics' response, its relationship with literature, trade, the asthethic debate and collectionism, or the important national and international exhibitions. Moreover, the lecturers analysed some of its more usual subject matters, such as work, national representation, the transformation of the rural enviroment, the new forms of leisure, the representation of private life or the new femenine and masculine roles.