Gloucester, Fitz Henry Lane’s native city, was also the subject of many of his paintings. They are primarily marine views, characterised by their carefully rendered lighting and topographical detail. Lane trained in Boston, the home of the wealthy tourists who commissioned from him canvases like the present one. It depicts Ten Pound Island seen from the port, with small groups of figures handling fish and pushing a boat in the foreground. The calm water is dotted with sailing boats and other vessels omnipresent in Lane’s views. They function as compositional devices and also reflect his particular interest in this motif. As a result, boats become the principal elements in many works. A profound sense of tranquility fills the painting, in which the sea and sky become particularly important due to the amount of pictorial space that they occupy. The calm transmitted by the painting derives from the use of a pronounced horizontal format and from the warm light that tinges the landscape, making Lane one of the most important artists within American Luminism.
As in most of his paintings, both the horizon line and the calm waters with their transparent luminosity and the compact rocky forms and vessels close to the port convey great serenity. This sensation of lastingness is what sets Lane apart from the members of the Hudson River School, who were concerned above all with emphasising the exuberance of changing nature.
As in many of his early works, the influence of Robert Salmon can be seen, particularly in the wealth of detail and the manner of painting the topographical features of this major fishing port. The narrative elements in the foreground, where the fishermen are shown carrying out their daily tasks, combine, in an appropriate balance, the realism of the scene with an elegiac sense of serenity.