Expressionism, anti-naturalist and anti-Impressionist trend / Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Norwegian Edvard Munch, new canon of modernity / Firsthand knowledge of modern art, exhibitions and publications / Cultural transfer / Munch’s existential and radical style, essential reference for young Expressionists / Unleashed expression of inner feelings in Nolde and Kirchner / Fervent enthusiasm for Van Gogh’s turbulent brushstrokes and bright colors / Inspired agitated rhythms and luminous colors in Heckel and Rohlfs / Primitive, pastoral style in Gauguin, emotional outlet for his existential dissatisfaction / Spiritual affinities with primitives, aroused new artistic sensibility in Marc.