The presence in the museum of one of Rubens’s most important late works, The Martyrdom of Saint Andrew, commissioned by the Real Diputación de San Andrés de los Flamencos [Royal delegation of Saint Andrew of the Flemish), now the Fundación Carlos de Amberes, has prompted the organisation of this study day. A group of experts will discuss the time Rubens spent in Madrid, which he visited twice - in 1603, during the reign of Philip III, and in 1629, during the reign of that monarch’s son Philip IV – as well as the influence of his art on Madrid in the Baroque period.