Through works by artists such as Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Salvador Dalí, Francis Bacon and Andy Warhol, this exhibition analyses the evolution of portraiture in the 20th century. The exhibition will first be shown at the Museo Thyssen-Bornemmisza and the Fundación Caja Madrid, and then travels to the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth (Texas), which is the co-organiser together with the other two institutions. It is the first in-depth study of this traditional genre within European painting, which acquired new importance within international art in the modern era.